graft1 «graft, grahft», verb, noun.
1. to put (a shoot or bud from one tree or plant) into a slit in another tree or plant, so that it will grow there as a part of it; engraft.
2. to produce or improve (a fruit, flower, grain, or other plant product) by grafting.
3. to do grafting on (a plant or tree): »

No one has been able to graft together trees belonging to quite distinct families (Charles Darwin).

4. to transfer (a piece of skin or bone) from one part of the body to another, or to a new body, so that it will grow there permanently.
5. Figurative. to insert or fix as if by grafting: »

to graft a pagan custom upon Christian institutions. No Art can be grafted with success on another art (Sir Joshua Reynolds).

1. to insert a graft or grafts.
2. to become grafted.
[< earlier graffen < noun]
1. a shoot or bud used in grafting. A graft from a fine apple tree may be put on a worthless one to improve it.
2. the place on a tree or plant where the shoot or bud is inserted.
3. a tree or plant that has had a shoot or bud grafted on it.
4. the act or process of grafting.
5. a piece of skin, bone, etc., transferred from one place to another in grafting.
[alteration of graff < Old French grafe scion, stylus < Latin graphium stylus < Greek grapheîon < gráphein write (from the similarity of shape)]
graft´er, noun.
graft2 «graft, grahft», noun, verb.
1. the taking of money dishonestly in connection with city or government business; political dishonesty, corruption, and the like: »

The crooked building inspector was guilty of accepting bribes and other forms of graft.

2. a method of getting money dishonestly.
3. money dishonestly taken.
–v.i., v.t.
to make or get money dishonestly through one's job, especially in political positions.
[American English; origin uncertain]
graft´er, noun.
graft3 «graft, grahft», noun.
1. the depth of earth that can be thrown up at one time with a spade.
2. a kind of spade, used in digging drains.
[perhaps < Scandinavian (compare Old Icelandic groftr action of digging)]

Useful english dictionary. 2012.

Игры ⚽ Поможем сделать НИР

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Graft — may refer to:*Grafting, where the tissues of one plant are affixed to the tissues of another *Medical grafting, a surgical procedure to transplant tissue without a blood supply *Skin grafting, a type of organ transplant procedure involving skin… …   Wikipedia

  • graft — [graft, gräft] n. [with unhistoric t, for earlier graff < ME graffe < OFr, a pencil < L graphium < Gr grapheion, stylus (see GRAPHIC): from resemblance of the scion to a pointed pencil] 1. a) a shoot or bud of one plant or tree… …   English World dictionary

  • Graft — ist ein altes Wort für einen Wassergraben, Gräfte die Bezeichnung für Transplantat in der medizinischen Fachsprache Graft heißt ein Teil des Dorfes Graft De Rijp die Graft Gesellschaft von Architekten ein im 14. Jahrhundert angelegter Wasserlauf… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Graft — Graft, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Grafted}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Grafting}.] [F. greffer. See {Graft}, n.] 1. To insert (a graft) in a branch or stem of another tree; to propagate by insertion in another stock; also, to insert a graft upon. [Formerly… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • graft — Ⅰ. graft [1] ► NOUN 1) a shoot from one plant inserted into a slit cut into another to form a new growth. 2) a piece of living bodily tissue that is transplanted surgically to replace diseased or damaged tissue. 3) an operation in which tissue is …   English terms dictionary

  • graft — I noun blackmail, bribery, corruption, exploitation, fraudulent income, hush money, illegal profit, illicit profit, illicit revenue, inserere, kickback, money illegally acquired, political corruption, profiteering, property illegally acquired,… …   Law dictionary

  • -graft- — [engl. graft = pfropfen]: in der Nomenklatur von Polymeren ein kursiv gesetztes Strukturinfix zur Beschreibung von ↑ Pfropfcopolymeren, bei denen auf eine (zuerst genannte) Hauptkette Seitenketten aufgepfropft sind, z. B. Polybutadien graft… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Graft — Graft, n. [Prob. orig. so called because illegitimate or improper profit was looked upon as a graft, or sort of excrescence, on a legitimate business undertaking, in distinction from its natural proper development.] 1. Acquisition of money,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Graft — Graft, n. [OE. graff, F. greffe, originally the same word as OF. grafe pencil, L. graphium, Gr. ?, ?, fr. ? to write; prob. akin to E. carve. So named from the resemblance of a scion or shoot to a pointed pencil. Cf. {Graphic}, {Grammar.}] (a) A… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Graft —   die, / en, Gräfte die, / , mit Wasser gefüllter Umfriedungsgraben, v. a. bei westfälischen Wasserschlössern. * * * Grạft, die; , en [mhd., ahd. graft, zu ↑graben; vgl. ↑Gracht] (Fachspr., sonst veraltet): Wassergraben um ein Schloss o. Ä.;… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • graft — [n1] transplant bud*, hybridization, implant, jointure, scion, shoot, slip, splice, sprout, union; concepts 113,257 graft [n2] payoff for fraud bribe, corruption, gain, hat*, hush money*, juice*, money, money under the table*, pay, payola*,… …   New thesaurus

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”